16 April 2018

Causes of secession: Alabama

Alabama passed an ordinance stating their reasons for declaring secession: Whereas, the election of Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin to the officers of President and Vice-President of the United States of America by a sectional party avowedly hostile to the domestic institutions and to the peace and security of the people of the State of Alabama, preceded by many and dangerous infractions of the Constitution of the United States by many of the States and people of the Northern section, is a political wrong of so insulting and menacing a character as to justify the people of the State of Alabama in the adoption of prompt and decided measures for their future peace and security; Therefore, ... Read more

15 April 2018

Forrest boasts

On 15 April 1864, Nathan Bedford Forrest wrote a memo boasting about the Fort Pillow Massacre three days earlier: The river was dyed with the blood of the slaughtered for two hundred yards. The approximate loss was upward of five hundred killed, but few of the officers escaping. My loss was about twenty killed. It is hoped that these facts will demonstrate to the Northern people that negro soldiers cannot cope with Southerners. ... Read more

14 April 2018

Lincoln assassinated

On 14 April 1865, President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by Confederate sympathizer and stage actor John Wilkes Booth. Booth and his co-conspirators had hoped to revive the Confederacy by assassinating the most important officials of the US government, but elaborate plans had not come to fruition. Then on 11th April, Booth had heard Lincoln deliver a speech outside the White House, and had commented his companion “That means nigger citizenship. Now, by God, I will put him through. ... Read more

13 April 2018

Causes of secession: Florida

Unlike many of the other southern states who sought to leave the US, Florida did not publish a document setting out the reasons for their declaration of secession. However, a draft document was found in the state archives, which apparently reads as follows: The Congressional halls where the members should meet with fraternal feelings, a just regard for the interests of all the States there represented and respect for the feelings of all its members has been prostituted to the daily denunciation and vituperation of the slave holding States as sanctioning oppression robbery and all villainies, thus subjecting the members from these States to the degradation of gross and constantly repeated insults, and compelling the exclusion from our public press of the debates of our national Legislature or the circulation of the most incendiary matter. ... Read more

12 April 2018

The Fort Pillow massacre

On 12 April 1864, Confederate soldiers led by Nathan Bedford Forrest attacked Fort Pillow. Despite being outnumbered three to one, US forces refused to surrender until shortly after 4pm when the garrison was overwhelmed. A Joint Committee on the Conduct and Expenditures of the War investigated the Fort Pillow massacre, and their findings were reported on by the New York Times in 1864: The rebels commenced an indiscriminate slaughter, sparing neither age nor sex, white nor black soldier nor civilian. ... Read more

© mathew 2017