30 April 2018

The end of Camp Sumter

With the Civil War ending, so ended the Confederate prison at Andersonville, known as Fort Sumter. Built in early 1864, by late February it was receiving 400 new prisoners a day. By June, 26,000 were penned in an area designed to hold 10,000. Ultimately around 45,000 captured US soldiers were sent to Andersonville. Of those, almost 13,000 died from disease, malnutrition, or exposure.

29 April 2018

Maryland doesn't join the Confederacy

On 29 April 1861, Maryland’s legislature voted 53-13 against convening a secessionist convention. However, they also voted not to reopen rail links with the north, and requested that Lincoln remove federal troops from the state. Lincoln responded by giving the army limited authority to suspend habeas corpus. When the state militia demolished several railroad bridges, Militia Lieutenant John Merryman was arrested, charged with treason, and placed in custody. Chief Supreme Court Justice Taney issued a ruling in Ex parte Merryman stating that the President could not authorize the suspension of habeas corpus, but Merryman remained in custody, with Lincoln explaining that he had been authorized because Congress had been out of session at the time, and an invasion or rebellion could have taken place. ... Read more

27 April 2018

Birth of Ulysses S Grant

28 April marks the birth of Hiram Ulysses Grant, better known as Ulysses S Grant, Commanding General of US forces at the end of the Civil War. Following Lincoln’s assassination, Andrew Johnson became President. Grant was dissatisfied with Johnson’s approach to postwar reconstruction, which did not include giving protection to the former slaves. Johnson even attempted to veto the Civil Rights Act of 1866, which passed only because of a two thirds majority in both houses overruling him. ... Read more

27 April 2018

New Orleans surrenders

On 28 April 1862, New Orleans surrendered to US forces. The following day, Flag Officer David G Farragut and 250 marines from the USS Hartford removed the flag of Louisiana from the City Hall and replaced it with the Stars and Stripes. The Confederacy had lost its largest port, and the Union had a starting point for supply lines.

26 April 2018

Johnston's surrender

On 26 April 1865, the Confederate forces commanded by Joseph E. Johnston surrendered to General William T Sherman. It was the largest surrender of the war, totaling 89,270 troops, encompassing all of the confederate forces in the Carolinas, Georgia and Florida. Two days before, Johnston had received orders from Jefferson Davis that he should disband his troops, reunite in the mountains, and then send the cavalry to rescue Jefferson Davis and the Confederate leaders and help them flee south, perhaps to Cuba. ... Read more

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