13 April 2018

Causes of secession: Florida

Unlike many of the other southern states who sought to leave the US, Florida did not publish a document setting out the reasons for their declaration of secession. However, a draft document was found in the state archives, which apparently reads as follows: The Congressional halls where the members should meet with fraternal feelings, a just regard for the interests of all the States there represented and respect for the feelings of all its members has been prostituted to the daily denunciation and vituperation of the slave holding States as sanctioning oppression robbery and all villainies, thus subjecting the members from these States to the degradation of gross and constantly repeated insults, and compelling the exclusion from our public press of the debates of our national Legislature or the circulation of the most incendiary matter. ... Read more

12 April 2018

The Fort Pillow massacre

On 12 April 1864, Confederate soldiers led by Nathan Bedford Forrest attacked Fort Pillow. Despite being outnumbered three to one, US forces refused to surrender until shortly after 4pm when the garrison was overwhelmed. A Joint Committee on the Conduct and Expenditures of the War investigated the Fort Pillow massacre, and their findings were reported on by the New York Times in 1864: The rebels commenced an indiscriminate slaughter, sparing neither age nor sex, white nor black soldier nor civilian. ... Read more

11 April 2018

Attack on Fort Sumter

On 11 April 1861, Confederate forces sent an ultimatum to Fort Sumter in South Carolina demanding that US forces evacuate and hand it over to secessionist Confederate forces, or they would begin firing mortars at the fort. Opening shots were fired by the Confederates the next day, starting the Civil War.

10 April 2018


On 10 April 1865, the Albany Journal carried the news of Lee’s surrender as follows: source

9 April 2018

Robert E Lee surrenders

On 9 April 1865, Confederate horseman R.M. Sims waved a white towel of truce as he approached the men of the 118th Pennsylvania Infantry. He carried a message from Robert E. Lee requesting negotiations for surrender. General George Armstrong Custer sent him back with a reply: “We will listen to no terms but that of unconditional surrender.” Eventually Lee met with General Ulysses S. Grant. Grant proposed that the Confederates should be allowed to keep their own horses and return to their homes after laying down their arms, and also agreed to supply rations to the hungry men. ... Read more

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