12 April 2018

The Fort Pillow massacre

On 12 April 1864, Confederate soldiers led by Nathan Bedford Forrest attacked Fort Pillow. Despite being outnumbered three to one, US forces refused to surrender until shortly after 4pm when the garrison was overwhelmed. A Joint Committee on the Conduct and Expenditures of the War investigated the Fort Pillow massacre, and their findings were reported on by the New York Times in 1864: The rebels commenced an indiscriminate slaughter, sparing neither age nor sex, white nor black soldier nor civilian. ... Read more

11 April 2018

Attack on Fort Sumter

On 11 April 1861, Confederate forces sent an ultimatum to Fort Sumter in South Carolina demanding that US forces evacuate and hand it over to secessionist Confederate forces, or they would begin firing mortars at the fort. Opening shots were fired by the Confederates the next day, starting the Civil War.

10 April 2018


On 10 April 1865, the Albany Journal carried the news of Lee’s surrender as follows: source

9 April 2018

Robert E Lee surrenders

On 9 April 1865, Confederate horseman R.M. Sims waved a white towel of truce as he approached the men of the 118th Pennsylvania Infantry. He carried a message from Robert E. Lee requesting negotiations for surrender. General George Armstrong Custer sent him back with a reply: “We will listen to no terms but that of unconditional surrender.” Eventually Lee met with General Ulysses S. Grant. Grant proposed that the Confederates should be allowed to keep their own horses and return to their homes after laying down their arms, and also agreed to supply rations to the hungry men. ... Read more

8 April 2018


On 8 April 1864, in the midst of the Civil War, the US Senate passed the 13th Amendment to the Constitution. It was not passed by the House until January 1865.

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